Characteristics and architectures of biomedical electronic instrumentation. Devices based on analog and digital signals. Analog active filters, electrical protection and isolation circuits. Analog signal processing. AD-DA converters, FPGA, microprocessors, microcontrollers and DSPs. Development tools and embedded operating systems. Architectures for the real-time processing and the DSP. Power electronics for power supply and for driving actuators. Data transmission systems: encoding, bandwidth requirements and communication channels. Computers networks architectures and protocols and the ISO/OSI model. Presentation of the most widely used data transmission protocols in biomedical instrumentation. Telemetry and wireless data communication. Study and design of few biomedical devices: vital functions monitors in the intensive care, mechanical ventilators, ultra-sound scanners, electro-surgery and thermo-ablation. Analysis Laboratory. Electrophoresis: physical principles and instrumentation. Emission and absorbance spectrophotometry. Photomultipliers. Optical fibres and their applications in medicine. Diagnostic imaging systems. Thermography: principles and techniques. Echography: principles, techniques and visualization modes. Piezoelectric devices and echo probes. Applications in surgery and radiotherapy. Application in surgery and radiotherapy: Image Guided Surgery,electro-surgery and thermo-ablation. Computer Aided Radiotherapy.
Biomedical engineering notes